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    题名: 宗教信仰( rutux、gaga)與泰雅族婦女
    Religious belief ( rutux、gaga)and Tayal’woman
    作者: 林幼雀
    关键词: 雙系親族
    宗教信仰
    rutux及gaga
    泰雅族婦女
    bilateral kinship
    religious belief
    rutux
    gaga
    Tayal' woman
    日期: 2004-12
    上传时间: 2009-08-14 23:35:59 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 泰雅族的親族組織是屬雙系親族社會,居處法則是以從夫居為原則,其社會組織一般言之結構較為鬆散,這與其文化背景及生存環境有關。據鹿野忠雄在1939年的調查,泰雅族人大都居住在海拔1000-1500公尺的山區。其農業生產以山田燒墾為主,農耕土地需求面積較大,在人口增加,農耕土地及獵場不足時,必須不斷找新耕地,建立新聚落,形成聚落較分散,部落單位又小的現象。因其居住在崇山峻嶺也養成其英勇及獨立自主的性格。因此在聚落分散、社會結構鬆散的泰雅社會裡,再加上自主性極強的性格,靠著 rutux及gaga的宗教信仰維繫其社會的運作。然而在沒有階級區分泰雅社會,該族婦女在此信仰體系中的角色與地位是值得討論的議題。Tayal' kinship structure belongs to bilateral kinship society. In principle, their resident rule is virilocal. As a general rule, their social structure is incompact, comparatively,related to background of Tayal' cultural and their environment .In accordance with investigation reported in year 1939 by 鹿野忠雄 who is Japanese scholar. Most Tayal' had inhabited at a heitht of 1000-1500 meters above sea level. Swidden was mainly agricultural mode of production,so that they need extensive agricultural land. Caused by populat on gro wth and carcity of the farmland and hunting ground, Tayal had to search new farmland and establish new hamlet constantly, Tayals’hamlet is comparatively scattered and small.Since Tayals were living in mountain, their character are courageous and independen. Accordingly,in the Tayal society, scattered hamlet、incompact social structure and strongly independent human character must lay on religious belief of rutux and gaga to maintain social order. However Tayal didn't have social class,so that thesis for discussion for Tayal' women' role and position in the totemic structure is worth.
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