|Abstract: ||黑木耳 (Auricularia polytricha) 為我國最普遍食用菌之一，營養豐富且具疾病療效，其栽培頗值得重視。本研究以鋼構鐵皮建造黑木耳栽培室，室頂設置太陽能板收集太陽能以轉化成栽培黑木耳所需用電，同時回收豐水期雨水以供應所需之用水。本研究選擇作者實務工作之水星農場為例，栽培黑木耳期間所需用電及用水皆可自給自足，毋須倚賴傳統能源。栽種結果顯示，熟成之黑木耳，朵大耳厚；隨著栽種時間之增加，黑木耳質量有逐漸明顯增加之趨勢。本系統每個月約發電15,000~16,000度 (kw-hr)，平均每日發電526度；而栽培室用電度數為每月130~168度，每日用電5.12度，僅占總發電量之0.973% (5.12/526)。淨水系統每日製水量1134公升，每小時製水47.25公升，可以提供足夠水量，增加環境水氣，以期達到適合黑木耳生長之濕度。此外，本研究因設置綠能友善環境以栽培黑木耳之減碳量，每年可達226,009公斤；同時節電431,798度，節水480,000公升。本研究可以提供資訊予從事創造農業與綠能併行之友善土地農業生產者，在選擇設施及栽培經營方法時之參考。|
Auricularia polytricha is one of the popular edible mushrooms in Taiwan. They are full of nutrient ingredients and can also be employed to treatment some diseases. The cultivation of them draw much attention. In the present study, the cultivating rooms for Auricularia polytricha are constructed steely, equipped with solar energy panel to effectively collect solar energy and transform them into required electricity for the cultivating rooms. Meanwhile, the rainwater during high flow season is recovered for cultivating the Auricularia polytricha. Shui-Xing farm, a workplace of the author, is selected as an example to perform the present investigation. Electricity and water supply for cultivation Auricularia polytricha are generated or recovered from the farm and does not count on conventional energy from Taiwan Power Company. The experimental results show that, the well-matured Auricularia polytricha looks plump and their masses significantly increased gradually with the cultivation time elapsed. In this system, the electricity generated every month is approximately 15,000~16,000 kw-hr. Average electricity generated every day is 526 kw-hr. The electricity consumed every month for the cultivating room is approximately 130~168 kw-hr, meaning that the electricity consumed every day is 5.12 kw-hr. It accounts for 0.973% (5.12/526) related to total electricity generated. Daily water supply produced by purification system is 1134 liters, meaning that the hourly water supply produced is 47.25 liters. This amount of water supply is enough for cultivating Auricularia polytricha and increasing the water content of the environments. At the same time, it is also expected relevant for the humidity for the growth of Auricularia polytricha. Additionally, friendly equipping environments with green energy to cultivate Auricularia polytricha and then reduce carbon could achieve 226,009 kg annually; meanwhile, the annual reduction of electricity and water supply are 431,798 kw-hr and 480,000 liter, respectively. These valuable information of the present study could help the agricultural producers who implements creating agricultural activity with green energy. It also help them to choice the facilities and methods for cultivating plants.