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    题名: A Study on Work Stress, Stress Coping Strategies and Health
    作者: 蔡享翰
    关键词: Health promoting life style;Nurses;Stress coping strategies;Work stress
    日期: 2011-07
    上传时间: 2012-09-11 16:04:16 (UTC+8)
    摘要: Objectives: To determine work stress, and stress-coping strategies, and to analyze their the relationships in order to improve health-promoting lifestyle of nurses in Taiwan. Methods: Three hundred eighty-five nurses who had work experience for more than 6 mo, were selected from four district hospitals in Kaohsiung and Ping Tung. We used a stratified cluster random sampling method for the selection. The nurses answered a self-report questionnaire, which was categorized into four sections: personal background data, work stress, stress-coping strategies, and healthpromoting lifestyle. Results: The findings indicate work stress and the health promoting lifestyle of nurses are at a higher level, with stress-coping strategies being at a medium level. Work stress and stress-coping strategies were significantly and positively correlated. Professional relationships, managerial role, personal responsibility, and recognition of work stress and the responsibilities of a health-promoting lifestyle were negatively correlated. Managerial role, personal responsibility, and organizational atmosphere of work stress as well as realization, an item of health-promoting lifestyle, were negatively correlated. Recognition of work stress and stress management, items of healthpromoting lifestyle, were negatively correlated. Health responsibility, and self-actualization, items of healthpromoting lifestyle, as well as stress-coping strategies were negatively correlated. Nutrition, an item of healthpromoting lifestyle, and the support stress-coping strategy was negatively correlated. Conclusions: Nurses have greater work pressure and better work stress-coping strategies, but worse health responsibility and realization of a health-promoting lifestyle. We suggest hospitals build good relationships and appropriately increase employment of nurses through a good work atmosphere to achieve nurses’ realization of a health-promoting lifestyle.
    關聯: Journal of Occupational Health, 53, 377-383
    显示于类别:[金融管理系] 期刊論文


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