Essays and Criticism is classified into thirty six categories, which is defined by Liu Yiqing clearly. It described the scholars and personages’ multifaceted life attitude to show the scholars and personages of Wei and Jin Dynasties’ abundant life connotation. Therefore, modern scholars sum up the spirit of Wei and Jin Dynasties scholars –‘Personage style’ or ‘Wei-Jin
Demeanor’. “Virtuous conduct” was compiled in the first category of Essays and Criticism, which reveals what Liu Yiqing emphasized, Confucian tradition, cardinal guides and constant virtuous.
I consider that the order of the categories in Essays and Criticism exhibits that the wrap in the book is time and the subset is organized by people in the book’s status. Moreover, ‘Chen-Fan’ is prior to the others which imply three orientations: ranking people from Confucian scholars to personage, ideal personality projection, and the expectation toward personages.
‘Filial piety’ became the most important virtuous conduct. And ‘loyalty, kindheartedness
ethic, and friendship’ became the less important virtuous conducts in Jin Dynastic. The phenomena lie in the amount of categories. As to the issue of ‘the Mastery of Confucianism and Taoism’, it also presented in the category of ‘virtuous conducts’.