Yuan Hao-Wen’s surname was Yi Shan and was a renowned literary author in the Jin Dynasty. There were numerous studies and criticisms on his works in history and his works had a magnificent influence on posterity. The work, Yi Shan Yue Fu was a key to probing into his poems, and the three poems which were named an ill-fated concubine (Bo Ming Qie), stemmed from Ming Bo Qie in Yue Fu poetry anthology, and a work in Zhe Gu Tian within Yi Shan Yue Fu. Yuan Hoa-Wen wrote Bo Ming Qie during the imperial palace migrating to the north that meant the country was going to end. Yuan Hao-Wen had been caught and held captive in Shan Dong Liao Cheng by the Yuan Dynasty’s troop. Therefore, in his poems, he depicted himself as a lost-master concubine to resort his ill-fated life to his works. Zheng Yan had remarked that Yuan excelled at allusions and succinct sentences.
This study makes a profound analysis of Zhe Gu Tian – an ill-fated concubine and the bond
between Bo Ming Qie and Qie Bo Ming so that people can realize the origin of the allusions and imitation Yuan used.