Lu Ruo-Teng of Wu Dau was the typical scholar who could represent the South Ming
era. Whether in politics or literature he stood out with the capacity of his historical
status. His artworks were more than adequately reflecting the circumstances at that time as well as inner meanings of thoughts of his contemporary scholars. This thesis adopted Lu’s poetries as the scope of research and collected related artworks with “the learned” as the theme, and proceeded to two-prong analyses starting from the outer realistic situations as well as inner spiritual meanings so as to understand Lu’s
poetic contents; furthermore, this thesis also analyzed the transformation experienced at the “the learned” culture up till South Ming era and its imbedded meanings accordingly.
“The learned” within Lu’s poetries, from the standpoints of downfall witnessed at the
external social status, extremely lack of materials, the sidelined main-body spirits, etc,fully reflected the traditional literati and officialdom resistances toward the level of scholarship which degenerated down to the mercantilism in the waning days of Ming
Dynasty. Lu’s poetry represented the insistence of Confucian culture which stemmed the tide during the turbulent times that he witnessed.