The increasing importance of air transportation leads to concerns in terms of global warming,
sustainability, and energetic independence. Several initiatives are conducted to find appropriate
alternative fuels for air transportation. First and second generation biofuels are considered whereas it is
difficult to use them under the aircrafts severe working conditions. The complex composition of kerosene
and bio-kerosene implies the use of surrogate model-fuels for combustion modeling. Recent experimental
and modeling results for the kinetics of oxidation of reformulated kerosene are presented.
The increasing use of Diesel engines contribute significantly to overall carbon dioxide emissions and
concerns about global warming and air pollution boost the investigation of sustainable and
environment-friendly fuels. Diesel fuel consists of thousands of medium-high molecular weight
hydrocarbons participating in thousands of pyrolysis and oxidation reactions. Their complex composition
implies the use of surrogate model-fuels for combustion modeling. Biofuels such as fatty acid methyl
esters (FAME) are mixed in variable quantities with petroleum Diesel fuel to reduce carbon oxides and
polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) emissions. Biodiesel is a mixture of FAME. Long-chain methyl esters
exhibiting cool-flames can be used as biodiesel model fuel. Alcohols produced from biomass also
represent attractive renewable liquid fuels for ground transportation. At present, ethanol is used in SI
engines while its use in Diesel engines is limited by its low cetane number and low solubility.
Nevertheless, there is increasing interest for using reformulated Diesel fuels containing ethanol with
biodiesel. 1-Butanol could also be used. Recent results for the oxidation of Diesel, biodiesel, and
surrogates are presented.