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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ksu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/11205


    Title: 國際科技人士Dr. Philippe Dagaut來台短期訪問報告書
    Authors: 侯順雄
    Contributor: 機械工程系
    Date: 2010-10-14
    Issue Date: 2010-10-27 15:59:09 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: The increasing importance of air transportation leads to concerns in terms of global warming,
    sustainability, and energetic independence. Several initiatives are conducted to find appropriate
    alternative fuels for air transportation. First and second generation biofuels are considered whereas it is
    difficult to use them under the aircrafts severe working conditions. The complex composition of kerosene
    and bio-kerosene implies the use of surrogate model-fuels for combustion modeling. Recent experimental
    and modeling results for the kinetics of oxidation of reformulated kerosene are presented.
    The increasing use of Diesel engines contribute significantly to overall carbon dioxide emissions and
    concerns about global warming and air pollution boost the investigation of sustainable and
    environment-friendly fuels. Diesel fuel consists of thousands of medium-high molecular weight
    hydrocarbons participating in thousands of pyrolysis and oxidation reactions. Their complex composition
    implies the use of surrogate model-fuels for combustion modeling. Biofuels such as fatty acid methyl
    esters (FAME) are mixed in variable quantities with petroleum Diesel fuel to reduce carbon oxides and
    polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) emissions. Biodiesel is a mixture of FAME. Long-chain methyl esters
    exhibiting cool-flames can be used as biodiesel model fuel. Alcohols produced from biomass also
    represent attractive renewable liquid fuels for ground transportation. At present, ethanol is used in SI
    engines while its use in Diesel engines is limited by its low cetane number and low solubility.
    Nevertheless, there is increasing interest for using reformulated Diesel fuels containing ethanol with
    biodiesel. 1-Butanol could also be used. Recent results for the oxidation of Diesel, biodiesel, and
    surrogates are presented.
    Appears in Collections:[機械工程系所] 研究計畫

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