Kun Shan University Institutional Repository:Item 987654321/11112
English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 25970/26565 (98%)
Visitors : 9875137      Online Users : 354
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version


    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.lib.ksu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/11112


    Title: 回分式好氧污泥床之質傳及動力行為
    Other Titles: Mass transfer and kinetic behavior in sequencing aerobic sludge blanket reactors
    Authors: 盧彥君
    Yen-Chun Lu
    advisor: 黃汝賢
    Keywords: 回分式好氧污泥床;非抑制性基質;好氧污泥顆粒特性;內外質傳阻抗;動力模式;經驗模式;模式驗證
    sequencing aerobic sludge blanket reactor;non-inhibitory substrates;aerobic granule characteristics;internal/external mass transfer;kinetic model;empirical model;model validation
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-10-07 16:11:06 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究建立涵蓋污泥顆粒特性參數、物理質傳/生物參數之回分式好氧污泥床處理非抑制性基質之動力模式,以及由質量平衡關係所推導之簡化經驗模式,並以回分式好氧污泥床處理非抑制性基質(乙酸/葡萄糖),各改變四種有機負荷率,探討回分式好氧污泥床之處理效能、好氧污泥顆粒之質傳效應及反應動力,並以實驗結果驗證動力模式與經驗模式之適用性。
    回分式好氧污泥床操作方式為廢水注入時間2 min,曝氣時間231 min (氣體表面流速 0.0138~0.0277 m/s,溶氧維持5 mg/L以上),沉澱時間5 min,排水時間2 min,一次回分操作時間為240 min,一天共6次回分操作。回分式好氧污泥床處理乙酸及葡萄糖基質在有機負荷率2、4、6、及8 kg COD/m3-d操作條件下,COD去除率皆達98%以上,且反應器中污泥顆粒化與沉降性皆良好。無論處理葡萄糖或乙酸基質,污泥顆粒平均粒徑及比攝氧率皆隨著有機負荷率之增加而增大,但污泥齡則隨著有機負荷率之增加而降低。處理葡萄糖基質反應器中之污泥濃度(7900~10950 mg VSS/L)及生物質量(30~41g)都略高於處理乙酸基質者(7900~10060 mg VSS/L;30~38g),處理葡萄糖基質之污泥顆粒粒徑(1.09~1.94 mm)亦略大於處理乙酸基質者 (1.02~1.21 mm),且處理葡萄糖基質之污泥顆粒比攝氧率(62~96 mg O2/g VSS-h)亦略大於處理乙酸基質者(53~88 mg O2/g VSS-h)。
    經由獨立批次實驗求得葡萄糖好氧降解之動力常數intrinsic k (12.4~23.8 d-1)、Ks (81~90 mg COD/L)及apparent k' (8.9~13.9 d-1)、K's (100~137 mg COD/L)皆略大於乙酸好氧降解者(k值11.7~22.0 d-1、Ks值47~56 mg acetate/L、k'值8.3~11.9 d-1、K's值62~103 mg acetate/L),而二者apparent k'值都小於intrinsic k值,且皆隨著有機負荷率之增加(污泥齡降低)而增大,apparent K's值則隨著有機負荷率之增加(污泥顆粒粒徑增大)而增大,並大於intrinsic Ks值,由處理乙酸基質之質傳參數(??2 = 41~100、Bi = 15~25及?? = 0.24~0.31)與處理葡萄糖基質之質傳參數(??2 = 160~1089、Bi = 22~44及?? = 0.11~0.16)得知,回分式好氧污泥床之污泥顆粒外部質傳阻抗對整體基質去除速率之影響不大,但污泥顆粒內部之質傳阻抗對整體基質去除速率之影響則相當大,又以葡萄糖基質之影響更大,且內部質傳阻抗隨著有機負荷率和污泥顆粒粒徑之增加而增大,回分式好氧污泥床中污泥顆粒之內部質傳速率將是整體基質去除速率之限制步驟。本研究建立之動力模式及經驗模式模擬之COD去除率與回分式好氧污泥床處理乙酸及葡萄糖基質實驗値之誤差在 3%範圍內,且動力模式與經驗模式模擬值之間差異百分比亦僅在1.42 %範圍內。
    A kinetic model (incorporating intrinsic kinetics) and an empirical model (incorporating apparent kinetics) of the sequencing aerobic sludge blanket reactor (SASBR) treating non-inhibitory substrates are formulated. Meanwhile, four SASBRs were used to treat non-inhibitory substrate glucose and acetate, respectively, by maintaining at four different organic loading rates (OLRs). Thus, not only the performance of SASBRs treating non-inhibitory substrates can be evaluated but the associated mass transfer and reaction kinetics also be elucidated. The proposed kinetic and empirical models were validated by experiments as well.
    Each SASBR was operated with a cycle length of 240 min, 6 cycles a day. One cycle consisted of 2 min of feeding, 231 min of aeration (superficial air velocity = 0.0138–0.0277 m/s, DO>5 mg/L), 5 min of settling, and 2 min of discharging. When the SASBRs were used to treat glucose and acetate, respectively, by maintaining at the OLRs of 2, 4, 6, and 8 kg COD/m3-d, not only the COD removal efficiency of greater than 98% can be reached, but fairly good sludge granulation/settling also be achieved. For respectively treating glucose and acetate, with an increase in OLR, the average granule diameter (dp) and the specific oxygen utilization rate (SOUR) increased, whereas solids retention time (SRT) decreased. Moreover, the biomass concentration and its quantity for treating glucose (7900–10950 mg VSS/L; 30–41 g) were slightly greater than those for treating acetate (7900–10060 mg VSS/L; 30–38 g). dp for treating glucose (1.09–1.94 mm) was slightly larger than that for treating acetate (1.02–1.21 mm). The SOUR of aerobic granules for treating glucose (62–96 mg O2/g VSS-h) was slightly higher than that for treating acetate (53–88 mg O2/g VSS-h).
    From the independent batch experiments, the obtained intrinsic k, Ks (12.4–23.8 d-1; 81–90 mg COD/L) and apparent k', Ks' values (8.9–13.9 d-1; 100–137 mg COD/L) for treating glucose are all slightly greater than those for treating acetate (k = 11.7–22.0 d-1; Ks = 47–56 mg acetate/L; k' = 8.3–11.9 d-1; Ks' = 62–103 mg acetate/L). No matter glucose or acetate was treated, the apparent k' values are all smaller than the intrinsic k values; both the apparent k' and intrinsic k values increase with increasing OLR (decreasing SRT). Meanwhile, the apparent K's values increase with increasing OLR (increasing dp); the apparent K's values are significantly greater than the intrinsic Ks values. The calculated mass transfer parameter values (for acetate: ??2 = 41–100, Bi = 15–25, ?? = 0.24–0.31; for glucose: ??2 = 160–1089, Bi = 22–44, ?? = 0.11–0.16) show that the influence of internal mass transfer resistance (increases with increasing OLR and dp) on the overall substrate removal rate in the SASBRs is much greater than the influence of external mass transfer resistance. This implies that the internal mass transfer resistance can be regarded as rate-limiting. The calculated COD removal efficiencies using kinetic and empirical models are only 3% deviated from the experimental results. The variations of the simulated results using kinetic and empirical models are within 1.42%.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate School and Department of Environmental Engineering] Dissertations and Theses

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    2508201015271000.pdf1341KbAdobe PDF86View/Open
    2508201015271000_摘要.pdf67KbAdobe PDF343View/Open
    2508201015271000_目次.pdf58KbAdobe PDF362View/Open


    All items in KSUIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    本網站之所有圖文內容授權為崑山科技大學圖書資訊館所有,請勿任意轉載或擷取使用。
    ©Kun Shan University Library and Information Center
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback